Welcome to the official Cavalier Daily Sports podcast, “Hoos on First,” a weekly podcast brought to you by the Sports Section and hosted by feature writer Emily Caron. Each week we’ll talk about all things Virginia sports and break down the latest happenings for listeners.
This week, Sports Editor Rahul Shah presents Wahoo Weekly, overviewing the week in Virginia sports.
Next, Kris Wright from The Sabre joins Emily to talk about the first half of the football season, as well as previewing the game against Boston College. As Virginia inches closer to a bowl berth, this week's episode takes a look at the second half of the season and bowl games.
Check out the third episode below:
What: No. 12 Virginia vs. Boston College
When: Sunday at 1 p.m.
Where: Boston, Mass.
The Skinny: In its last ACC match on the road, the Virginia women's soccer team will travel north to challenge Boston College.
When the two teams faced off last year, Virginia rallied for a 3-2 win, and Virginia currently sits tied for fourth place in the ACC standings for this season.
Virginia has gone to overtime four times in conference play and six times this season. Much of the reason 90 minutes of play hasn't been enough to decide the match is due to the Cavaliers' struggle to finish their opportunities this year.
When Virginia has been able to pick up wins, it has been because of offensive leaders — senior forward Veronica Latsko, sophomore forward Taylor Ziemer and freshman midfielder Taryn Torres. Latsko has five goals and three assists, Ziemer has four goals and four assists and Torres has five goals this season.
Freshman goalkeeper Laurel Ivory has held down the defensive front for the Cavaliers, only allowing 10 goals all season.
Boston College (9-6-1, 3-3-1 ACC) has not been quite as solid as the Cavaliers on defense and has conceded 19 goals so far. On offense, however, they have five players with at least four goals each. Leading the way is senior forward Lauren Berman, who has six goals and three assists.
After the Cavaliers take on Boston College, they will return to Charlottesville to finish out the regular season with a match against No. 4 Duke on Thursday night.
— Compiled by Emma D’Arpino
What: Golf Club of Georgia Collegiate
Where: Alpharetta, Ga.
When: Friday — Sunday
The Skinny: The Virginia men’s golf team will play in its final tournament of the fall season this weekend at the Golf Club of Georgia Collegiate. The Cavaliers are looking to defend their title in the tournament, as the team finished tied for first in the Golf Club of Georgia Collegiate last year with Texas.
The Club of Georgia Collegiate has a highly competitive 15-team field this year. Included in the field is Texas again, as well as three top-eight finishers at last spring’s NCAA Championships — Oklahoma, Oklahoma State and UNLV.
Virginia’s lineup for the tournament will be freshmen Jimmie Massie and WeiWei Gao, sophomore Ashton Poole, junior Thomas Walsh and senior Danny Walker. Walker will be the player to watch for the Cavaliers, as the senior played a crucial role in last year’s tournament victory with a tied for 12th place finish.
Gao will also be a player to monitor this weekend. This will be Gao’s first career tournament in the lineup for Virginia. The Philippines native was highly recruited out of the Class of 2017, and will likely play a role in the Cavaliers’ success for the next four years.
Virginia is scheduled to tee off at 9 a.m. Friday.
— Compiled by John Gallagher
What: No. 10 Virginia vs. Pittsburgh
When: Friday at 7 p.m.
Where: Klöckner Stadium
The Skinny: No. 10 Virginia plays its final home game of the 2017 regular season when they take on Pittsburgh.
The Cavaliers (9-2-3, 2-1-3 ACC) need all the points they can rack up in the final two contests of the year, which are both pivotal matchups against ACC opponents. Virginia has failed to find the back of the net in the previous two contests.
Radford grabbed the first goal of Tuesday night’s game in the second half. Down a goal late in the contest, Virginia did not have the same will to win that saw the Cavaliers come back the previous week in the exact same scenario, en route to a 4-2 victory over Lehigh. The result was a 1-0 defeat at the hands of Big South opponent Radford.
Pittsburgh (8-6-0, 2-4-0 ACC) comes off a stunning 1-0 victory over then-No. 7 Notre Dame. The Panthers’ second half goal allowed them to move past their third ranked opponent of the season.
Virginia needs to bounce back after the tough loss to Radford to make up ground heading into postseason play.
— Compiled by Garrett Schaffer
What: No. 3 Virginia vs. No. 9 Louisville; No. 3 Virginia vs. Miami University of Ohio
When: Saturday at 12 p.m.; Sunday at 2 p.m.
Where: Louisville, Ky.; Oxford, Ohio
The Skinny: After it’s tough 5-4 loss against No. 12 Maryland (11-5, 5-2 Big Ten), the No. 3 Virginia field hockey team (12-3, 4-1 ACC) prepares for two more tough games this weekend against the No. 9 Louisville Cardinals (11-4, 4-1 ACC) and Miami University of Ohio (7-7, 4-0 MAC).
The field hockey program has had a rough stretch of games, going 2-2 after a 10-1 start to the
year. It is taking on a Louisville team that is on a seven-game win streak — including four
tough ACC conference wins. While the Cavaliers’ offense is becoming increasingly versatile,
with increased offensive output by several younger players it could face trouble against
Louisville’s stout defense. The Cardinal defense, led by junior back Taylor Stone and senior back Abby Grimes, could slow down the Cavaliers enough to change the tide of the game.
The Cavaliers will then travel Sunday to Oxford, Ohio to take on the Miami Redhawks. The
Redhawks have had mixed results this season so far and are leading their conference despite
having a less than .500 winning record outside of it. While the Cavaliers are favored to win the
game, the Redhawks strong offensive lineup could prove to be a challenge for Virginia.
The Louisville game will begin at 12 p.m. at Trager Stadium in Louisville, Ky., and will be
broadcasted on the ACC Network Extra. The Miami game will take place at 2 p.m. at the Miami
Field Hockey Complex in Oxford.
— Compiled by Lucas Beasey
Navigating the University can be a daunting task for new students due to its size and complexity. Matthew Wajsgras, a third-year Engineering transfer student, took note of this issue and created “Hoos Mobile,” an app designed to help incoming students find their way around Grounds.
Wajsgras acquired most of his coding knowledge through various sources, such as CodingBat tutorials, Stack Overflow forums and YouTube videos.
“I’ve taken some intro computer science classes, and I feel fairly confident in my coding abilities, but I wasn’t like a master coder or anything,” Wajsgras said.
According to Wajsgras, he had several things to consider in making the app — such as its features, how he would implement them and determining the best way to present them to the user.
Wajsgras did, however, manage to avoid a mistake common to new programmers.
“Trying to cram too much functionality into a single app, particularly for new developers, can be a huge problem,” said Mark Sherriff, an associate computer science professor. “By trying to do too much, apps become bloated, hard to use and confusing for users.”
Following this logic, Wajsgras stuck to common steps when designing a mobile app such as determining the purpose of the app, creating it one step at a time and embedding in code to allow for user interaction.
“The first step, and probably the most important, is establishing the requirements for the app that you are building,” Sherriff said.
When Wajsgras first transferred to the University from Virginia Tech, he saw that there was no user-friendly mobile app that gave users information about University classes and locations, thus leading to his creation of Hoos Mobile.
The app includes various features to assist new students during their first semester, such as a map feature that shows the locations of buildings where classes are held. Additionally, there is a search function users can utilize to search for specific classes and receive a description for that class.
Other functions of the app include the academic calendar for the current school year, a GPA calculator, links to popular student websites and a Twitter feed for University news.
Wajsgras worked on his app this past summer as a side project while he worked full-time. It took approximately seven weeks for him to learn how to code and build his app. After development for the app was finished, it was released on the Google Play Store and the App Store.
When the app first launched, it generated about 800 downloads in the first week.
Due to its increased exposure, the app has caught the attention of more students, who are taking note of its features.
“You can … read about a class and how to get to its location all in one place,” first-year Engineering student Andrew Taylor said.
With over 1,600 downloads since its release this past summer, Hoos Mobile continues to be a tool that can serve all University students.
When asked whether he had any plans for future apps, Wajsgras said, “If I get some free time next summer, I may try to make another one and hopefully have better software development skills by then.”
The University is partnering with the Slave Dwelling Project in a four-day symposium to spark dialogue about the history and legacy of slavery at the University and other public institutions. The Slave Dwelling Project held a discussion Wednesday night on race and slavery at the University followed by an overnight stay in Pavillion Garden IX located behind McGuffey Cottage, an outbuilding of the Academical Village formerly used as a slave living and work space.
This event was the largest sleep-in the Slave Dwelling Project has hosted, with over 75 registered participants.
The Slave Dwelling Project is partnering with the University through the President’s Commission on Slavery and the University and will participate in events on Grounds over the next four days.The symposium, titled “Universities, Slavery, Public Memory and the Built Landscape,” includes panel discussions on a range of topics such as the role of slavery in other universities.
Joe McGill founded the Slave Dwelling Project in 2010 to help foster dialogue about the history of slavery in public spaces around the country. His organization has held sleep-ins at over 100 different slave dwellings sites across 19 different states and the District of Columbia.
“We find slave dwellings wherever they exist because the slave dwellings tell the stories of those who were slaves,” McGill said. “We have a tendency to tell the stories of the enslavers because that’s a comfortable place to be, but for those who were enslaved, we tend not to want to go there. And this projects takes us there.”
Prior to the sleep-in, students, faculty, members of the Charlottesville community and out-of-state visitors attended an introductory discussion pertaining to the history of slavery at the University.
Third-year College student Isabel Yoder attended the event because she said she did not adequately understand the history of slavery at the University, especially in light of the events that occurred in Charlottesville in August.
“Definitely the interest [in the University’s history of slavery] heightened after the events in August,” Yoder said. “I think it’s something I should understand while I’m here.”
During the event, Brendan Nigro, third-year College student and chair of the University Guide Service, discussed the history of slavery at the University. Nigro emphasized the need to create a “more complete story” of the University’s past, as well as the legacy of its founder, Thomas Jefferson. He described how the gardens in which participants of the sleep-in stayed are surrounded by serpentine walls, originally designed by Jefferson to contain the noise of the slaves who once worked there.
“[It was] a very intentional choice ... To section off these people,” Nigro said. “The walls [were] also higher than they are today, in 1825. And so this is very intentional architectural segregation for Jefferson.”
Nigro praised an “incredible amount of courage from students [and] faculty,” in recent years, aimed at painting a more complete picture of the University’s past.
He mentioned the installation of a plaque in 2007, commemorating the slaves that helped build the University from 1817 to 1826, as well the Freedom Ring project, to illuminate the University’s association with slavery.
McGill also commended the University’s recent efforts to confront its history and said he believes the University can serve as a model of other universities with similar histories.
“I think it’s beautiful. I think that other institutions of higher learning should follow the same pattern,” McGill said. “We’re hoping U.Va. can be that example for other institutions of higher learning can follow. Having this conference is part of that process.”
April Burns, who participated in the overnight stay, is a Charlottesville resident whose ancestors were Monticello slaves. She praised the University’s decision to engage with its complicated past with slavery and the actions it has been taking to address it.
“I think the University is very progressive in their dealing with slavery here at the institution,” Burns said. “I directly [credit] that to Terry Sullivan, who I think has done a phenomenal job in bringing that dialogue out. I’m very proud of the conversations that are happening here right now.”
The legacy of slavery is personal for Burns, and she said she believes the work of the Slave Dwellings Project is important to make progress on this issue.
“It’s always tough to walk in these spaces, there’s so much pain in the truth,” Burns said. “But it’s good … To see so many people out and supporting the desire, the need to recognize and talk about slavery comfortably. There is still some work to do, but it’s getting better.”
McGill said he values the diversity of the group present at the event Wednesday night and hopes to see continued participation of all races in the ongoing dialogue about the legacy of slavery.
“I’m hoping we can maintain the diversity we see here — diversity within the group,” McGill said. “Just catering to one race or the other, that’s not really what I’m trying to achieve.”
Student Council and the Black Student Alliance came together Wednesday evening to co-host a forum designed to encourage dialogue about Thomas Jefferson and his representation at the University. The event was titled, “All Angles: Jefferson’s Legacy at the University of Virginia” and gave three professors an opportunity to present different perspectives on Thomas Jefferson’s legacy.
Approximately 45 students attended the forum. The panel included Monticello Vice President Andrew O’Shaughnessy, Petal Samuel, a postdoctoral fellow in the University’s Department of African-American Studies and Law Prof. Robert Turner.
Megha Karthikeyan, a second-year College student, and Stuart deButts, a fourth-year College student, are the co-chairs of the Student Council’s Bicentennial Committee. They had been planning this event for the past month and a half in conjunction with the BSA.
Karthikeyan said the goal of Wednesday’s forum was to encourage dialogue among students about what can be done to ensure students from different perspectives feel they are being heard.
“We’re hoping when students come to this event they’ll be able to see the varying perspectives that people have, and maybe be able to figure out what their opinion is and what their position is,” Karthikeyan said. “I think the event will hopefully open up people’s horizons and they’ll understand all perspectives in regards to Jefferson and history at U.Va.”
Debutts said it is important for students to listen to each other at a time when many citizens are divided on issues.
Samuel expressed her approval of the partnership between the BSA and the Student Council in an interview with The Cavalier Daily.
“Our discussions about Jefferson and about Jefferson’s relationship to slavery are fundamentally rooted in contemporary concerns, so the reason this matters to us in any way is because we are still living in the aftermath of slavery,” Samuel said. “Black students at U.Va. are the ones living those realities most acutely, so without partnering with them and including them in the discussion, the discussion would be fundamentally incomplete.”
The panelists at the forum expressed a wide variety of opinions on Jefferson’s legacy at the University in an attempt to encourage productive dialogue among the students.
O’Shaughnessy said the University’s founder is as a flawed but high-achieving man.
“Almost inevitably with the advent of civil rights we have a more nuanced view of Jefferson emerge,” O’Shaughnessy said.
He was followed by Samuel, who presented Jefferson’s legacy as fundamentally marred by his association with the institution of slavery and spoke to the resistance to open discussion she has observed.
“My comments are going to focus primarily on the rhetoric that tends to surround the debate about how we should remember Jefferson,” Samuel said. “My interest is not so much in Jefferson, per se, but in the ends to which selective narratives about Jefferson, in particular criticisms of his participation in slavery, tend to meet with very specific forms of resistance.”
Samuel said that she had more questions than answers, but expressed her hope that the students would continue to discuss Jefferson’s legacy.
“My simple but very serious question for you is this — why do we, at times, have to rescue, defend, forgive or qualify Jefferson’s participation in slavery?” Samuel said. “What do we fear criticism of Jefferson will do to us?”
The final presenter, Turner, took a strong pro-Jefferson stance.
“I’m one of those rare creatures,” Turner said. “I’m an admirer of Thomas Jefferson, and I’d like to explain why.”
Turner described Jefferson as a man ahead of his time with progressive attitudes on a variety of issues, including toward women and Native Americans.
“He was a complex man,” Turner said. “He was an imperfect man … I think calling him or condemning him for being a racist for owning slaves is at best unfair.”
Turner has a history of defending Jefferson. In an opinion piece published in The Cavalier Daily in November 2016, he referenced a letter sent to University President Teresa Sullivan by several hundred members of the student body and faculty, asking her to stop quoting Jefferson in her emails. He described the letter as “the sad spectacle of nearly 500 misinformed University professors and students seeking to ban the thoughts and words of Thomas Jefferson from our community.”
In the same article, Turner wrote, “Thomas Jefferson was a racist. But he was a reluctant racist.”
Devin Willis, a second-year College student and BSA secretary, said the purpose of an event like this is to “bring ideas to the floor.”
“I would say that the best thing to take away from this — and from all of the conversations that are occurring about reevaluating legacies — is that the purpose of this discourse is not to achieve a verdict on the individual in question,” Willis said. “That’s impossible and futile.”
The University’s School of Law’s library is digitizing the 336 legal texts catalogued by the University librarian in 1828. The project, which began digitization in May, will create a virtual library where users can scroll through the “shelves,” view high-resolution images of the book spines and reach bibliographical essays about each text.
The books are part of a group of roughly 8,000 legal texts deemed critical for education in law by Thomas Jefferson. The titles comprised the original Rotunda library, but following the 1895 Rotunda fire and throughout the University’s nearly 200-year history, many of them were scattered or lost. The Arthur J. Morris Law Library began a project 40 years ago to recollect exact duplicate editions of Jefferson’s original list.
“We’re not certain if any of the ones we have are originals,” Law Digital Collections Librarian Loren Moulds, said. “Librarians over the last 40 years … Have been trying to collect physical, basically duplicate editions of those so we could have a representative library in our collections.”
In today’s age of technology, Moulds said the library has to consider new opportunities for growth opened up by the digital age.
“We’re trying to figure out … What is an expanded role in a digital age that a library can play in terms of access to information?” Moulds said. “What new things can we glean from these books, with the tools that we have at hand?”
In answering some of these questions, the Law library has taken up the task of digitizing Jefferson’s original 336 recommended legal texts.
According to Randi Flaherty, Special Collection Librarian at the Law Library, postdoctorals created a spreadsheet of all the bibliographic data of the law books about five years ago. Flaherty and Moulds then came up with the idea to create an interactive digital archive of the texts.
“We wanted to create sort of a virtual library … Accessible to everyone,” Flaherty said.
The publication dates of the books range from the mid-16th century through 1826, the year Jefferson died. Moulds emphasized how the virtual library seeks to create a fully immersive, digital experience for handling such old, rare materials.
“This is an opportunity for someone to be able to play around with what a library might look like,” Moulds said. “To figure out where they may have came from, to see what they would look like next to each other, as opposed to say, like Google books, where you get a black and white page.”
While there are 336 titles in the collection, each title may feature multiple volumes or individual books — amounting in total to over 700 books. Jim Ambuske, postdoctoral fellow in Digital Humanities at the Law Library, said the project is moving at a steady pace, digitizing about three to four texts on an average day.
“In the next few weeks we will probably roll out the beta version of the website,” Ambuske said.
The team hopes to have the final website and digitization completed before their April 2018 deadline.
In addition to a search tool for going through the virtual books, the website will also include essays describing the background of the texts.
“We’ll have a number of contextual essays to describe the history of the library, early American legal history, what lawyers like Jefferson were doing and thinking about the law in that period,” Ambuske said. “It helps anybody who wants to look at the site understand the library and how it fits into this broader history, story that we’re trying to tell.”
The project has been able to carry out its goals due to a grant from the Jefferson Trust, which has also provided funding for a student internship component of the program.
“It enabled us to create a student position, fold students in the project directly,” Ambuske said. “They give us the opportunity to do that.”
The librarians said the ultimate goals of the project include increasing access to texts and adapting and growing in the digital age.
Flaherty said the project brought together a number of different scholars and highlighted the role of libraries.
“I would say to showcase libraries as a place of collaborative scholarship I think is one of our main goals,” Flaherty said. “We work in a library but we work with people of all different creeds and this project has really brought together a lot of different fields. But I also think to provide a resource on early American legal education.”
Digitization and online archives are becoming more widespread in today’s day and age. However, the University’s immersive take is particularly original, Mould said.
“We’re definitely part of this ecosystem of growing digital humanities projects but I think ours is one that is pretty innovative in terms of our outreach and the content,” Mould said. “And it’s a timely connection to what’s going on at U.Va. with the Bicentennial … This is a deep connection to Jefferson with all the complications that he brings.”
The old adage “it’s not the grades you make but the hands you shake,” has some truth to it. While GPA and extracurricular involvement are vital factors to obtaining the dream post-grad job, meeting the right people is equally important.
Because the University fosters a competitive environment filled with academic- and career-driven students, there is sometimes an overwhelming pressure to go to every career fair, jam-pack your resume and constantly update your LinkedIn profile in order to lock in the ideal summer internship. However, we often neglect the fact that connections can be made naturally — without deliberately networking — when we least expect it.
Last weekend, I accompanied a friend to her sorority parents’ formal with the sole intentions of donning a tux, enjoying a nice dinner at the Boar’s Head and frequenting the cash-bar as much as possible. After the dinner bell rang, people shifted from the cocktail reception to their tables by the hundreds. Because the room was so loud from the mingling of voices, it was only possible to converse with the two people sitting directly next to me without getting a sore throat by the end of the night.
The dad to my right — whom I hadn’t met before — engaged in some small talk with me, asking about my hometown, what drew me to the University and my experience thus far. Our conversation flowed into my academic interests, and I told him that I was considering following in my parents’ footsteps and pursuing law school after graduation. It was then that he and his wife turned to each other, smiled and informed me that they were both UCLA Law grads and practicing attorneys. He, a former federal prosecutor, and his wife, a trial lawyer, were both passionate about the legal profession and allowed me to pick their brains about their respective career paths for the entirety of dinner. By the end of the night, I had a business card in hand and a brand-new LinkedIn connection.
Similarly, a friend of mine found her summer internship at a time and place she never would have anticipated — 1:00 a.m. on her way to a frat party. Walking along Madison Lane, she struck up a conversation with a well-dressed University graduate who was back on Grounds just prior to her wedding. My friend, an A-school student with hopes of becoming a fashion designer, commented on the woman’s elegant outfit. With a “thanks” and a smile, she informed my friend that she worked in the fashion industry and had just started her own brand marketing company in New York City.
By the end of their walk, the two had shared pictures of their work, chatted about their artistic interests and exchanged phone numbers. Two months later, my friend found herself sitting in the Manhattan office of the woman’s startup as an intern. And since — via her spontaneous and random introduction on a Friday night out — she has made numerous other connections that have helped her get established in the fashion industry.
The president of a club I belong to was working out at her CrossFit class, overheated and exhausted, when a man approached her and commented on her Virginia t-shirt. He identified himself as a double-Hoo — having completed both his undergrad at the University and his MBA at Darden — and the current dean of a small business school in Virginia Beach, Va. My friend, a fourth-year Economics major interested in applying to grad school within the next few years, asked countless questions about job opportunities and admissions advice. While they were too sweaty to shake hands, they exchanged information and at their next class, she convinced him to venture back to his alma mater to lead a discussion on business school admissions for our club.
While it’s important to take measured steps to achieve your career goals, it’s equally vital to keep in mind that sometimes opportunities unintentionally fall into your lap. Networking via the traditional routes is wise and effective, but if you have the right mindset, you can meet your future boss just about anywhere.
I love my dog. To be fair, I’m not sure how one can do anything but love my dog within the confines of the known universe. What’s not to love? He’s a rotund little Jack Russell Terrier who likes being close to people and taking naps curled up on a blanket. Even the most adamant of cat lovers quickly fall under his spell. However, despite my fondness of the portly creature, I’ve always had an unspoken awareness that my dog is a little … eccentric.
I first noticed my dog’s weird behavior when he was just a few months old. One day, after half a year of seeing the same broom around the house, he abruptly decided it was a threat and started whimpering whenever he passed by it. His behavior would be more understandable if the broom had fallen on him at some point, but as far as I know, my dog has never been hurt by a broom. Actually, I’m fairly certain he’s never been hurt by anything. Yet, for no apparent reason, he one day decided that a random inanimate object was out to get him and refused to calm down until I finally took pity and hid the broom in the attic.
The longer that I’ve known my dog, the more apparent his bizarre idiosyncrasies have become. For example, he doesn’t understand the basics of how to play fetch or go upstairs one leg at a time, but he’s somehow figured out how to open his crate. He’s also eager to eat pine cones, styrofoam and entire books, but he seems to be indifferent to the concept of dog food. My dog’s mysterious quirks are part of why I love him. However, for most of my life, I’ve also been completely at a loss as to what they mean.
Walking in on the first day, I didn’t expect my “Introductory Psychology” class at the University to be a window into understanding my dog’s behavior. Species difference aside, my dog’s oddness had always just seemed like something science couldn’t explain. I had never imagined that there was any kind of lucid reasoning behind his strangeness. Thus I was skeptical when my professor made the claim that all organisms, including animals, were governed by a system of logic.
The more time I spent in class, however, the more I realized just how well human psychology explains my dog’s behavior. In a section on hunger, I learned that people stop eating after a gene triggers a chemical reaction in their brain to tell them to stop chewing. After further investigation, I found that, sure enough, some dogs are simply missing this gene — explaining why my dog thinks it’s a good idea to chew through chair legs even when he isn’t hungry. With each new lesson, I discovered that my dog’s weirdness wasn’t really that strange at all — he just saw the world in a different way.
I’ve always loved my dog, but I’ve never really made an effort to understand him. Finally learning the reasoning behind his bizarreness, however, has helped me understand that although he may be eccentric, nothing about him is unexplainable.
Except his fear of brooms. Turns out there’s no possible explanation for that.
Alecia Moore — best known as P!nk — has been widely regarded as pop music’s edgiest female vocalist for nearly two decades. She released her debut album,“Can’t Take Me Home,” in 2000, two years after going solo and leaving R&B girl group Choice. Since then, P!nk has been presented as the toughest girl in pop.
Her style, buzzed blonde hair and outspoken opinions work alongside her blunt and brutally honest lyrics to create commentary on both herself and the world around her. Be it inner demons or political turmoil, P!nk is constantly fighting back against something, with most of her albums’ tracks switching from personal to political and back again.
Take for example her 2006 album, “I’m Not Dead.” Audiences hear deeply personal tracks — such as “Who Knew” about her denial surrounding the decline of her relationship — as well as the social justice anthem “Dear Mr. President,” which explicitly critiques the policies of then-President George Bush. P!nk’s albums have featured this undercurrent of resistance for her entire career and her latest release, “Beautiful Trauma,” is no exception.
“Beautiful Trauma” employs resistance in a vastly different way than her other albums, however. In this album, the personal and political planes collide. The lines dividing the two are much less defined and P!nk’s intentions much more ambiguous. It is harder to categorize the tracks as definitely intimate or definitely social statements as P!nk has instead woven the categories together, finding an intersection where the themes do more than coexist on the same album — they coexist within the same songs.
In “What About Us” — the first single released promoting the album — fans could clearly hear this intersection. The chorus of the song rings personal, with Moore singing, “What about us? / What about all the times you said you had the answers? / So what about us? / What about all the broken happy ever afters?”
These lines seem to denote romance, with P!nk using first person to address a lover she no longer trusts. Later, the song appears to undergo a political shift as P!nk sings, “It’s the start of us, waking up, come on / Are you ready? I’ll be ready.” In this verse, she seems to be initiating a call to arms, using the second person to create unity with the listener in order to rise up against some sort of societal oppression.
There are moments in the album that definitely lean more personal than political and vice versa. “Revenge” — written in collaboration with Eminem — presents the rage and betrayal of being cheated on in a romantic relationship, and “Barbies” is a soulful exploration of P!nk’s insecurities about aging and her intermittent desires to return to childhood where playing dolls was all she had to worry about.
In the same vein, other tracks are more politically fueled. “I Am Here” delves into P!nk’s resilience. She sings, “I am here, I am here / I've already seen the bottom, so there's nothing to fear / I know that I'll be ready when the devil is near / Cause I am here, I am here / All of this wrong, but I'm still right here.”
Even the political voice in “I Am Here” shades more personal than some of her other political anthems. Moore isn’t explicitly shouting for change or attacking the oppressor as she has in past releases such as “Stupid Girls,” a catchy yet serious song about the lack of ambition in young girls that exists due to rampant gender norms. “I Am Here” fuses Moore’s identity with her resistance. No longer is she presenting her personal life and her political views separately — she now presents the two as braided together. She is simultaneously personal and political.
The reasoning behind this shift to combine themes can be found in her inspiration for the album, which she discussed with Michel Martin on “All Things Considered,” a National Public Radio broadcast.
“‘I think life is really traumatic,” P!nk said, “but I also think that there's really beautiful people in the world, and there's more good than bad, and there's love to be made and joy to be had … But, you know, my dad always says something to me — ‘I wish you enough.’ And what he means by that is, I wish you enough rain to be able to enjoy the sunshine. And I wish you enough hard times to be able to enjoy the easy bits. And that's beautiful trauma to me.’”
The titular track of the album reflects this sentiment, presented by P!nk as a sort of battle between good and bad. She sings, “You punched a hole in the wall and I framed it / I wish I could feel things like you / Everyone's chasing / That holy feeling / And if we don't stay later we'll blow out / Blow out.” These lines exemplify the comparison between the negative and the positive, yet also how the two bleed together to coexist in harmony.
In this album, P!nk recognizes the vulnerability of life and its susceptibility to change. Living can be arduous one moment, glorious the next. “Beautiful Trauma” exhibits the roller coaster of life as an exhausting process that can require resistance and resilience in and of itself. Yet, resistance doesn’t always have to be loud or provocative. Sometimes, existence alone can serve as a form of resistance. With “Beautiful Trauma,” P!nk shows that this subtle side of opposition can be just as emotional and effective for audiences and activists everywhere.
Director Christopher Landon and writer Scott Lobdell know audiences have seen “Happy Death Day” before. The initial premise inspires most viewers to assume, ‘oh, so it’s “Groundhog Day” crossed with “Scream?”’ Ultimately, “Happy Death Day” appears to be an homage to a growing trend of films that bank on the popularity of metacinema — think “Deadpool,” but more subtle.
For instance, the spinning Universal logo repeats itself before the opening credits, letting audiences know Landon and Lobdell are “in on it.” This horror-comedy is nothing new, but nonetheless clever enough to be enjoyable, especially for younger audiences, as the PG-13 rating suggests.
Tree Gelbman (Jessica Rothe) is Bill Murray from “Groundhog Day” reincarnated as a college-aged “Mean Girl” who wakes up on Monday the 18th — her birthday — in the dorm room of classmate Carter Davis (Israel Broussard) after a drunken night out. She walks back to her sorority house — of course — acting condescending, egotistical and scornful to the college stereotypes around her. That night, Tree is murdered by a mystery figure wearing a dirty mask of the University’s mascot — a baby. The next morning, she wakes up in Carter’s dorm room and repeats the gory day over and over again, trying to discover the killer’s identity.
It is notable that Landon has written, produced and directed for the “Paranormal Activity” movies and Lobdell is an acclaimed comic book writer. The duo’s talent in specific genres is evident in the writing of “Happy Death Day.” Scenes are tense enough for genuine horror-lovers, albeit campy enough to imagine finding them on the Disney Channel. Tree, Carter and everyone else appear to be stock characters audiences recognize — the contemptible sorority girl, the nice-guy love interest and the hot, married professor who is okay with having an affair with one of his students so they can “coast by” in his class.
Audiences have seen it already.
With this in mind, Lobdell’s attempts to mold more compelling characters out of stereotypes should not go unnoticed, but they are ultimately shallow, unconvincing and inconsistent with the film’s aim of being fun — which is decidedly achieved. The horror-comedy blend is certainly not ordinary but the tropes of both are easily recognizable and evident by the masked knifeman and stock characters.
Still, the mixture gives opportunity to poke fun at the cliché gore and shenanigans of both genres. In a predictable montage of Tree’s repeat days, for instance, the audience sees Tree creatively wake up in a way related to her most recent death. Hearing audiences laugh whole-heartedly as someone is stabbed to death is reminiscent of “Scary Movie” — a remarkable plot feat, in some respects.
In time, the audience learns why Tree is so dismissive of others’ feelings, but the reason is a cheap attempt at sympathy, as it is disappointingly disconnected from the problems the audience wonders about. Although the attempts at sympathy for Tree might make audiences roll their eyes at first, the character is expertly played by Rothe, the most praiseworthy aspect of this film.
Rothe’s performance single-handedly makes the movie a worthwhile watch. The writing is nothing special, but her performance as she rectifies her character flaws, “falls in love” and is chased down by a masked murderer shows that the actress truly gave it her all.
Although audiences have seen slashers and “Groundhog Day” already, they may still be surprised by the twists Lobdell offers as he combines the two concepts. As the highest grossing movie of last weekend, it is hard to say if the success of this film at the box office merely represents another Blumhouse Productions horror hit, or a tendency of modern audiences to like films that are self-aware. Still, “Happy Death Day” accomplished what it appears to have set out to do — make audiences laugh while serving up gratuitous death and perhaps impart a shallow moral or two.
Many have argued that President Donald Trump’s vacationing habits help the United States return to a limited form of government. Such a position implies that presidential inaction leads to a reformed, smaller federal government when, in reality, such inaction only perpetuates Washington’s bureaucratic nature. In fact, Trump has intentions to expand the power of the executive branch and the federal government overall.
A major concern of political conservatives is the expansive bureaucracy of the federal government. Conservatives argue that if the federal government limited its size and power by transferring duties to state and local governments, the nation’s overall performance would greatly increase and Congress’ ability to draft impactful legislation would improve. A Gallup poll conducted in September 2017 found that only 16 percent of the American public approves of Congress’ performance. Conservatives see a more limited form of government as an effective remedy to that disdain. Trump recognized the potential benefits of embodying this viewpoint in his campaign.
Trump promised in October 2016 to “drain the swamp.” He argued that Washington’s officials often remain content with high-paying jobs, revolving between positions in Congress, the bureaucracy and lobbying firms. Trump also claimed that his administration would eliminate government gridlock and ensure that Congress was passing legislation, which would have a positive impact on the American public. Specifically, he promised to issue a five-year ban on lobbying immediately after working in the executive branch, which he purported would replace political lethargy with motivation. He also said he would shut down the Environmental Protection Agency, repeal the Affordable Care Act and eliminate a significant portion of the Education Department. Furthermore, Trump campaigned on broad tax cuts and deregulation in an effort to double U.S. economic growth under his administration.
Those proposals, however, face difficult challenges. Gutting the EPA, for example, requires congressional action and the constitutionality of any efforts would be challenged in court. Economic deregulation faces hurdles as well. For example, a proposed dismantling of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Protection Law would require congressional support as well. Whether Trump’s supporters recognized these hurdles or not, such policies seemed promising. They believe that Trump’s plan to “drain the swamp” could effectively loosen the gridlock in Washington and enable Congress to better perform its duties.
Instead of draining, the swamp has only grown over the last year. In a scandal emblematic of Trump’s embrace of the swamp, his health and human services secretary Tom Price resigned on Sept. 29 amid reports that he had spent over $400,000 of taxpayer money for personal chartered flights. Ironically, Trump had tasked Price with the repeal and replacement of the ACA as part of Trump’s pledge to “drain the swamp.” As radio host Laura Ingraham observed, Price’s contribution to the draining would be difficult “from 42,000 feet in the plush interior of a taxpayer-funded Gulfstream 4.”
In another example of Trump’s departure from his promise to “drain the swamp,” his former campaign manager Corey Lewandowski started a lobbying firm in Washington following his departure from the campaign. Moreover, 17 members of the administration were granted waivers on June allowing them to maintain relationships with former clients. Overall, Trump has determined that the swamp’s benefits to his agenda outweigh the detrimental effects of the gridlock in Washington.
While absent, Trump is anything but inactive. He feels empowered to speak his mind when on his own turf, unfiltered by aides and advisors who would otherwise counsel him against such outbursts. The divisive rhetoric Trump has espoused while away from Washington has only served as a hindrance to furthering his own agenda and that of conservative lawmakers. While vacationing at his private golf club in Bedminster, N.J. this past August, Trump took questions from the press on a wide range of topics. When asked to comment on Sen. Mitch McConnell’s (R-Ky.) efforts to repeal and replace the ACA, Trump publicly denounced the lack of progress, saying he was “very disappointed in Mitch.” While these comments could be seen as an attempt to motivate the majority leader to action, they served only to divide the GOP. Such division prevents progress in any direction, including towards the establishment of a limited federal government.
Trump’s vacations do not further the conservative mission to “drain the swamp.” Arguing that “having [a president] who’s just lazy could prove to be almost as good” as having one who furthers a conservative agenda misrepresents the true goals of political conservatism. In fact, Trump’s absence from the White House actually detracts from the formation of the “minimalist government that [conservatives] desire.” By remaining detached, Trump hinders coordination between the legislative and executive branches of the federal government, a necessary element of any significant progress in Washington. Inaction is not “the best course of action,” but rather is a stumbling block in the path towards more effective government.
Jake Lichtenstein is a Viewpoint writer for The Cavalier Daily. He can be reached at email@example.com.
The University Cancer Center's Breast Care Program has been on the cutting edge of advances in both the screening and treating of breast cancer, earning accreditation by the American College of Radiology as a breast imaging center of excellence.
In 2014, 239,109 people in the United States were diagnosed, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s webpage on breast cancer. In the same year, 41,676 people died from breast cancer.
Breast cancer is typically detected by mammograms, which are X-ray images of the breast. Mammography reduces the risk of dying of breast cancer by around 40 percent. As technology improves, those numbers will continue to grow, said Jennifer Harvey, division director of breast imaging and co-director of the University Cancer Center’s Breast Care Program.
The recommended start age for women to get mammograms varies, but Harvey said that women should begin getting annual testing at the age of 40.
“Although [breast cancer is] less common for women in their 40s, it tends to get aggressive,” Harvey said. “Because of that, we really do need to find it early. Only about 25 percent [of breast cancers] are undiagnosed under the age of 50, but they account for about a third of breast cancer deaths. It certainly is less common but certainly not rare.”
Harvey said that as long as women are in good health, they should continue to receive annual mammograms.
At the University Medical Center, women have two options for their mammograms — 2D or 3D.
Traditionally, mammograms are 2D, like standard X-rays, and are available widely throughout the country. The Cancer Center implemented 3D mammograms over five years ago, and now, over half of examinations use this technology.
“Probably about 60 percent of the mammograms we do now are 3D, also called tomosynthesis,” Harvey said. “Instead of a single image of the breast, a machine takes 11 to 15 low dose X-rays at different angles over the breast and those are reformatted to 1 millimeter [image] slices.”
These slices allow radiologists to look at the various levels of the breast to spot any abnormalities, rather than just a single, comprehensive image.
By providing a more in-depth look into breasts, 3D mammograms finds around 30 percent more instances of breast cancer. Often, those cancers identified tend to be characterized as invasive types that are in danger of spreading to lymph nodes under the arms, Harvey said.
In addition, the typical 2D mammography results in 10 to 12 percent of women being asked to return because of potential abnormality on the image, according to Harvey. Extra pictures and an ultrasound can determine whether an abnormality actually exists, but 3D mammography limits the need for this step, meaning that almost a third less women get called for extra pictures.
Because most women over the age of 40 receive annual mammograms, the Cancer Center does 60 to 100 screening examinations daily.
One way the Cancer Center reaches more women is through a mobile mammography bus which is capable of performing 25 mammograms daily, according to the Cancer Center’s webpage.
Another improvement to breast cancer screenings has recently been implemented at the University Health System’s Mammography Center Northridge, which has begun to use screening ultrasounds.
“To my knowledge no one else in this area has the technology,” Harvey said.
The new machine, installed in the last month, uses sound waves to look for breast cancers rather than X-rays. This allows women who have dense breast tissue to get more accurate results.
“When we add ultrasound to a mammogram, we can find about 30 percent more cancers for women with dense breast tissue,” Harvey said. “Ultrasound cancers are dark on white tissue so we can see cancers on ultrasound that we can't see on mammography [where they show up as white on white tissue].”
Though the screening ultrasound technology was implemented in the last few weeks, other testing measures have been used by the University Health System for much longer.
The Cancer Center’s High-Risk Breast and Ovarian Cancer Clinic has been working with patients for the past 15 years. The clinic determines risk based on family history and genetic testing, which further sets the University apart from other medical centers.
“Most hospitals don't have a high risk clinic,” Harvey said. “[Our practitioners] are great at figuring out if somebody is at risk, and if so what kind of imaging and other tests they may need.”
If screening detects that a person has breast cancer, there are two options — attempting to save the breast through breast conserving therapy or removing the entire breast in a mastectomy.
Standard breast conserving therapy has three components.
“The first component is an operation where we remove the tumor from the breast ... typically called a lumpectomy,” David Brenin, chief of breast surgery and co-director of the University Breast Care Program, said.
The second component consists most commonly of a sentinel lymph node biopsy, which checks to see if the cancer has spread under the arm to the lymph nodes.
Once the tissues heal from surgery, the patient undergoes the third component — radiation therapy on the breast.
Whole breast radiation is the standard method of radiation therapy and requires patients to receive treatment for a few minutes a day at a radiation facility. The process takes between three-and-a-half weeks to six-and-a-half weeks.
A separate option for radiation therapy is intraoperative radiation therapy, and is fairly unique to the University.
“We can actually give all the radiation during surgery,” Brenin said. “With two brief operations the patient's treatment is completed with a total time of two hours.”
Intraoperative radiation therapy is available at a few locations throughout the state, though the exact treatment varies among centers.
“[Other centers are] using a technique that we believe is inferior to what we're doing now,” Brenin said. “We have a special way of doing it that we believe is going to be shown to be better.”
One of the University’s newest studies into treatment options starts Friday and looks into ultrasound ablation combined with immunotherapy.
“[The treatment is] using ultrasound waves to ablate, or heat up, the breast cancer in the breast or lymph nodes underneath the arms and cause a local immune response,” Brenin said. “We’re going to ramp up that immune response with a drug [that] ... tells white blood cells to attack tumor cells.”
Breast cancer typically does not elicit a significant immune response from the body on its own, so the treatment attempts to help increase the body’s response through focused ultrasound and medication.
The University is working to better treat breast cancer, especially for more advanced stages. This study hopes to help accomplish that.
“For patients with stage four breast cancer unfortunately the prognosis is not great,” Brenin said. “We’re starting to investigate at UVa and elsewhere new treatments ... to improve our ability to treat patients with advanced stage breast cancer.”
Patients diagnosed with stages one or two have a better outlook, according to Brenin.
“[For] patients with stage one breast cancer, more than 95 percent of them will be alive in five years,” Brenin said. “With stage two, more than 85 percent will be alive in five years. The prognosis for breast cancer has improved greatly over the past 10 years.”
Improvements in detection and treatment of breast cancer have led to these results, Brenin said, and the University looks to further improve on them for the future.
The Collegiate Inventors Competition gives college students the opportunity to present their inventions to be judged on the basis of degree of originality, development level of the product, potential benefit to society and level of student initiative. A team from the University, headed by fourth-year Engineering student Ashwinraj Karthikeyan and sponsored by Bala Mulloth, assistant professor of public policy, placed in the finals of the competition with an innovative product called “Phoenix-Aid.”
Karthikeyan began working on the project after taking Mulloth’s “Innovation and Social Impact” course in spring of 2016. He maintained contact with Mulloth over the summer and then asked Mulloth to be his faculty advisor in order to apply for grants. As a faculty advisor, Mulloth said he helped Karthikeyan by going over his business plan with him and providing him connections facilitate the growth of his project.
“I believe [Karthikeyan]’s going to have a really life-changing technology — it’s rare to see students who are actually developing a product as opposed to a service, so he’s not building an iPhone app or just another software,” Mulloth said. “He’s actually building something which is patentable — in fact, he’s patenting it right now — so I like the fact that it’s a real product-based innovation rather than a service-based innovation.”
Karthikeyan founded the company InMEDBio to address the need for better wound care technology. Also, he said he is focused on growing issues in the modern world, such as chronic wound issues associated with diabetes and prevent site infection. To work towards this goal, Karthikeyan and a team of fellow undergraduate students developed Phoenix-Aid.
Phoenix-Aid is a multi-layer wound dressing system that addresses what he and his team calls “the three ABCs of chronic wound healing” — “A” stands for accelerated healing, “B” for blocking pathogens and “C” for comforting the wound. Karthikeyan said that the system not only has implications for wound healing and infection prevention, but also that it serves as a cost-effective, more efficient replacement for gauze.
“I actually started this because someone I knew passed away from a surgical site infection,” Karthikeyan said. “They had gotten the surgery, and the surgical procedure was actually fine … But she didn’t know that she had an infection on the surgery wound. Because of that, it sort of got worse, and eventually, she passed away from it.”
The Collegiate Inventors Competition is one of many competitions the team has entered. So far, they’ve won $120,000 in grants and are currently in the process of obtaining a patent for Phoenix-Aid.
Anthony Scharf, program relations coordinator for the National Inventors Hall of Fame, in an email statement spoke about the Collegiate Inventors Competition and the implications of winning.
“The Collegiate Inventors Competition was founded in 1990 to encourage and drives innovation and entrepreneurship at the collegiate level,” Scharf said. “The Competition brings together the nation’s brightest college minds to showcase, recognize and award their cutting-edge research and discovery.”
Placing as one of the 12 finalists in the Collegiate Inventors Competition not only provides teams the opportunity to interact with experts in their respective fields and gain feedback, but also substantiates the importance of finding an alternative solution to wound care. After graduating, Karthikeyan plans to go full-time with the project.
“Winning a competition like this validates the need for a solution,” Mulloth said. “It’ll de-risk investors when they talk to [Karthikeyan] because they’ll see he’s proven his mettle, not just through grants and research but also actually winning competitions … But most importantly, he’s really getting the word out on a national level.”
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that adults perform at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise per week to gain health benefits. A recent study by Cardiovascular Medicine Prof. Zhen Yan’s laboratory at the University has revealed the impact of exercise at the cellular level. According to Yan’s findings, published in “Nature,” exercise improves the health of mitochondria by triggering the removal of damaged mitochondria.
Yan’s lab is a part of the Center for Skeletal Muscle Research at the Robert M. Berne Cardiovascular Research Center, and it focuses on the molecular mechanisms of exercise and the impact of exercise on health. Several ongoing projects in the lab include studying the impact of exercise on mitochondria and skeletal muscles, the benefit of exercise in protecting against diseases and the effect of maternal exercise on the health of offspring.
Yan’s project that studied the importance of exercise on mitochondrial health received funding from the National Institutes of Health. Yan published his findings with Laurie Goodyear, associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, Dr. Mondira Kundu from St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital’s Pathology department and University Assoc. Biomedical Engineering Prof. Jeff Saucerman.
In order to study mitochondrial health, Yan’s lab focused on mitophagy— the process of degrading damaged mitochondria. However, according to Yan, mitophagy occurs only in a small section of mitochondria, so finding a way to accurately measure this process was a challenge.
An important milestone in the progress of this study was the lab’s development of MitoTimer. MitoTimer is a reporter gene for a fluorescent protein that targets mitochondria and assesses mitophagy. The color the MitoTimer gives off shows whether mitochondria are healthy or damaged and undergoing mitophagy. Consequently, the development of MitoTimer provides a mechanism of assessing mitophagy in cells. Yan then used this technology in his study on exercise.
“We used a couple of physiological models of endurance exercise in mice combined with novel technologies of mitochondrial reporter gene … And molecular genetics to ask the question how endurance exercise helps removal of damaged/dysfunctional mitochondria,” Yan said in an email to The Cavalier Daily.
After using MitoTimer to study the cells of mice that were undergoing endurance exercise, Yan’s lab found that exercise induced stress in a portion of the mitochondria of the cells, which then initiated the process of mitophagy. As a result, undergoing mitophagy allowed the cell to remove damaged mitochondria and become healthier.
According to Yan, this study on exercise-induced mitophagy offered further insight into why and how exercise is so beneficial for health and preventing disease. However, Yan said she still has questions she would like to investigate.
“We need to figure out how activation of mitophagy and occurrence of mitochondrial stress/damage are coordinated,” Yan said. “In another word, we want to know how our cells figure out where the damaged mitochondria are and mobilize the mitophagy machinery to remove them.”
Shana Pack, wellness program director of Hoo’s Well, said being physically fit can improve all aspects of wellbeing. According to Pack, although people used to only consider exercise as benefiting physical health, wellbeing consists of a variety of aspects, including mental, emotional, physical and social health.
First-year College student Katherine Lake agrees that exercise benefits many components of health.
“Exercise is important both from a physical and mental standpoint,” Lake said. “While it keeps the body physically healthy, I think it also has positive impacts on the mind — releasing endorphins and making someone happier.”
Pack said that one reason that some people do not exercise frequently is because they get out of the habit of exercising. In order to make exercise a habit and an enjoyable activity, Pack said that people should connect their values to physical activity. For example, if someone greatly values family, Pack suggests that the person find ways to partake in physical activity as a family, such as by going on walks together.
“The other piece is starting small and being realistic not only in your goals — fitness goals — but being realistic with when and where it works,” Pack said.
Pack also said that research findings, such as Yan’s study, show the benefits of being physically fit will help to encourage more people to exercise.
On Nov. 7, the Commonwealth of Virginia will vote for its new governor and indirectly determine future appointments for the Board of Visitors of 15 public colleges across the state, including the University of Virginia.
The governor has the power to appoint the 17 voting members of the Board. The 19-member board serves as the governing body of the school, voting on issues such as the budget, the proportion of out-of-state students and costs of tuition. The Board also appoints a student member and a faculty member, although they serve one-year terms as non-voting members.
Of the 12 voting Board members who live in Virginia, 10 have contributed to the Democratic Party or a candidate affiliated with the Democratic Party in 2017. Only three of these 10 have also contributed to the Republican Party or an affiliated candidate in 2017. All data was collected using records available from the Virginia Public Access Project.
Vice Rector James B. Murray Jr., said it is is not surprising that Board members are making contributions to political campaigns and parties.
“It might be desirable if the process were entirely apolitical, but it is highly politicized and always has been,” Murray said.
For the 2017 Virginia gubernatorial election, several Board members made significant contributions to Democratic candidate Ralph Northam. None of the appointed Board members who live in Virginia have contributed to the Gillespie campaign.
Robert Hardie, who was appointed to the Board in June, donated over $125,000 to Gov. Terry McAuliffe’s gubernatorial campaign in 2013 and over $32,000 to Democratic gubernatorial candidate Ralph Northam’s campaign in 2017. Barbara Fried, who was appointed in 2014, has donated $113,000 to political causes just this year, including $31,000 to the Northam campaign. Thomas DePasquale, appointed in 2016, has donated close to $130,000 to Northam since 2015.
Although significant financial contributions may help political officials create closer relationships with potential appointees, the appointment process includes multiple checks and balances to minimize political favors or political interests.
The Appointment Process
The Secretary of the Commonwealth oversees gubernatorial appointments to over 300 commissions and boards across the state, including the University’s Board of Visitors.
Before making suggestions to the governor, the secretary reaches out to the presidents of public institutions to discuss current board makeup, what perspectives or experience may be missing from the board and names of any people who may have expressed interest for a position. At many schools, including the University, the school’s alumni association will also send a list of suggested appointees to the governor.
As of 2001, the Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth has shared this information with the Virginia Commission on Higher Education Board Appointments. Former Gov. Mark Warner created the VCHEBA through an executive order as his first act in 2001. It was later codified in 2005 and has been altered over the years. The commission aims to provide the governor with a list of appointees for the Board of Visitors for institutions of higher education in the Commonwealth that have the experience and skills necessary to successfully govern.
Murray suggested the idea of the commission to Warner and chaired it from 2001 to 2009.
“Under Governor Warner, I think the majority of the college presidents in the state would tell you that their boards improved dramatically,” Murray said. “They ended up with people who understood something about higher education [and] were competent to pass judgment on the performance of the administration.”
The governor appoints the members of this commission according to rules set out by the Virginia state code. The governor is not obligated to use the VCHEBA’s appointment suggestions.
According to Secretary of the Commonwealth Kelly Thomasson, McAuliffe has accepted the majority of appointment suggestions made by this commission when making his final decisions. After the governor announces his appointments, the Board appointees must be approved by the General Assembly.
When the party changes in the governor’s mansion, often all the current members of the Board are replaced with new members as their terms end, Murray said. This kind of upheaval strains the Board’s ability to understand a university’s key issues and factors influencing long-term financial and policy strategy.
Thomasson said turnover is common when there is a change in the political party of the governor. She added there is also turnover for any Board under a governor of the same party and even a second term of the same administration.
“It’s not just about money — it’s about value systems and beliefs, and any governor is going to tend to appoint people to boards that they feel share their beliefs and vision for how the state should move forward,” Thomasson said.
Earlier this year, for example, McAuliffe renewed the term of only one appointment made by former Gov. Bob McDonnell — that of John Griffin. Three other McDonnell appointees were not reappointed.
In 2012, questions related to patronage on the Board were raised by publications such as The New York Times Magazine after the failed ouster of University President Teresa Sullivan. The Board, led by then-Rector Helen Dragas and then-Vice Rector Mark Kington, asked Sullivan to resign after only two years of leading the University.
Pointing out that none of the Board members at the time had a background in higher education, the same article in the New York Times Magazine questioned the qualifications of the appointed Board members to effectively run an institution. There were concerns that members of the Board were appointed not because of their qualifications but as a reward for large campaign contributions.
Walter Heinecke, a member of the Executive Council of the Faculty Senate and an associate education professor, helped organize the rallies that took place on the Lawn supporting a reinstatement of Sullivan. Heinecke is personally critical of the gubernatorial appointment process for Board members.
“I think basically everyone knows that this is part of a sort of campaign contribution payback,” Heinecke said. “It leads to a certain class of types of people who end up being governing board members at U.Va., and it’s usually people who are very wealthy, who are tied to corporate interests and bring that perspective to their job as governing board members.”
When the Board came to the University for its September meeting, activist group U.Va. Students United echoed this sentiment, distributing a “What You Need to Know” Board factsheet across Grounds. On the flyer, UVASU said, “Often, the governor will give spots to campaign donors, and Board members will use their seats for little more than political footholds.”
U.Va. Students United did not respond to multiple requests for comment.
George Gilliam, a University history lecturer and former chairman of the State Board for Community Colleges, said it is rare that a Board member is appointed as a result of political donations.
“There’s always one or two whose qualifications are the size of the checks that they wrote to the governor’s campaign, but those aren’t many,” Gilliam said.
DePasquale said using political contributions to catch the governor’s eye is not the best way of getting him or her to know one’s name.
“Is there a linkage between contributions and the governor knowing your name?” DePasquale said. “Well that is a way for him to know your name … that’s kind of the lazy man’s way.”
Instead, he says current Board members have demonstrated an ability to add value to the Board.
Thomasson said that putting Board appointments together is similar to solving a puzzle.
“It’s really about the big picture — less about the individuals, but how those individuals are going to complement each other and really make up the big picture of the board,” Thomasson said.
When making appointments, McAuliffe focuses on promoting diversity through different perspectives, geographic backgrounds, ethnicities, age and gender, according to Thomasson.
In general, the majority of Board appointees are University alumni, former University faculty or parents of University students. Virginia law mandates that at least 12 of the sitting Board members must be University alumni. Of the 17 appointees, 14 are University alumni.
Gilliam said there is a perceived bias to gubernatorial appointments, reflecting people the governor knows. Although Gilliam believes this to be the case, he personally does not mean this as a criticism.
“They’ve met a lot of people, and they know a lot of people,” Gilliam said. “They do go through the vetting process that I described, and most of these appointments have to be confirmed by the General Assembly.”
Thomasson said that there were often times when McAuliffe appointed people who he did not know or had no history of supporting him or his party.
“We make reappointments of people who Governor McDonnell put on the board,” Thomasson said. “[They are] people who maybe if you looked at their political giving history have been Republicans their entire lives, but they happen to be a value add for whatever institution or board they happen to serve on.”
Heinecke said his biggest concern is a lack of socioeconomic diversity on the board. Board members’ occupations include company executives, financial investors and lawyers.
“It’s really hard for someone who comes from a very, very wealthy background or a corporate background to understand what it’s like to be a low-income student in need of financial aid here,” Heinecke said.
Is there a better option?
Following the failed ouster, Media Studies Asst. Prof. William Little, wrote an opinion piece for The Washington Post calling for a change in the Board appointment system. Little suggested that the University establish a selection committee comprised of University alumni, faculty, administration and business leaders to nominate and appoint Board members.
Little declined to be interviewed for this article.
DePasquale said he believes switching to an election process would bring the most “electable” man or woman to office but not necessarily the most qualified. DePasquale supports the current appointment system.
“It’s not a random system,” DePasquale said. “It is a system where we empower someone to be our governor — we ask him to staff these institutions across the board.”
Murray said that although there may be a better way, taking away the governor’s power to appoint members of the Board is not politically feasible.
Still, others like Heinecke said Virginia should look into ways to make Board appointments more democratic and diverse.
“If the way that governing board members become governing board members is not so public and not so democratic, it’s problematic for the functioning and mission of public universities,” Heinecke said.
Correction: This article incorrectly noted that Board members are not reimbursed for their travel and lodging expenses. According to University Spokesperson Anthony de Bruyn, Board members can be reimbursed if they request it. The paragraph containing the error has been removed from this article.
For the first time in its history, the University offered a SIS module on implicit bias to first-year students. After piloting the module on Dillard residents, the University moved forward to require all first-years to take it.
Implicit bias is a term that refers to attitudes or prejudices individuals possess which unconsciously impact their actions, decisions and understanding. It affects how individuals view others based on race, ethnicity, gender and other factors.
The University began teaching all incoming first-year students about implicit bias in August 2012. However, the University changed priorities the next year and focused instead on sexual assault prevention — launching the annual first-year Green Dot training in John Paul Jones Arena.
Dean of Students Allen Groves said the Office of the Dean of Students did not return to the idea of implicit bias until two years ago when discussions began about developing an online module addressing the topic.
“We have decided, ‘Look, how do we build a more inclusive community? How do we make U.Va. a place where everyone feels welcome and people are treated equitably?’” Groves said. “We thought about that and we realized that there wasn’t a one fix, but the beauty of implicit bias is that it opens your mind to being willing to have other conversations and to be open to understanding that there is subconscious bias in most of us.”
University President Teresa Sullivan’s Committee on Inclusiveness approved the idea of an implicit bias module. The Office of the Dean of Students took the lead in its development, partnering with Project Implicit — a non-profit organization and international collaboration between researchers who are interested in implicit social cognition.
The module was completed over the summer and was originally intended for first-year students to complete at home in June. Students would then talk with Groves about the implications of module and how to address implicit biases during orientation in July.
Faculty in the psychology department expressed concerns about students taking the module at home without being on Grounds or having the availability of an RA to discuss it with. The administration then reached out to Housing and Residence Life to discuss releasing the module when students arrived on Grounds for the semester.
Fourth-year College students and Housing and Residence Life Co-Chairs Tyler Ambrose and Josh Jaspers both said they considered the partnership a good fit.
“That seemed to be the natural opportunity that opened up,” Ambrose said. “To have resident staff really help facilitate meaningful dialogue and have the students ready to engage in the topic early on in their U.Va. career.”
A test round of the module was released to first-years in the Dillard residence hall one of the first weeks of the fall semester. The students then had a follow up discussion with their Resident Advisors.
A few weeks elapsed, so the University and Project Implicit could determine if the module had any negative consequences on students — such as whether it made students upset or distraught or if they felt the results they received were a score.
“It’s not a score at all, it’s designed to open your mind to the concept, not to score on how little or more biased you are,” Groves said. “The results of [the pilot] … were that those negative consequences did not materialize.”
On Sept. 22, all first-year students were informed they should complete module. They would have two weeks to complete it before meeting with their RAs on Oct. 8 for discussion.
First-year College student Tom Conger attended the meeting with his RA along with the rest of his hall, but said he was not particularly impressed with its results.
“It went reasonably well,” Conger said. “Nothing really revelatory about it.”
First-year Engineering student Aimee Barnes was unable to attend the general meeting with her hall but had a one-on-one conversation with her RA. She said they mostly talked about how the module applies to life at the University and how taking it made her feel.
The module started with a pretest asking participants about their previous knowledge of implicit bias, followed by instructional videos and tutorials on implicit bias. At the end, students had the option to click a link to take the actual implicit bias test.
The implicit bias test consisted of a word-picture pairing activity. Pictures of faces of white people and black people were briefly flashed on the screen. Students were told to press either a key on the left side of the keyboard every time they saw one of the types of faces or a key on the ride side of the keyboard for the other.
Words were also flashed across the screen — positive descriptive words and negative descriptive words. The first round, students were told to pair the positive descriptive words with the one type of the faces by pressing the associated key on the keyboard each time they saw either the face or the word. They paired the negative words with the other face type.
The test measured the reaction time it took students to press the appropriate key after seeing a face or a word. The students then took the test again but the pairings were switched — the positive words were matched with the opposite face and key and same for the negative word. The reaction time of the second round was measured.
The difference between the reaction time indicated where the student’s implicit bias are situated. For example, if they were faster at linking negative words with black faces, the test suggests they are implicitly biased against black people.
First-year College student Tierney Egan said she did not like the format of the implicit bias test but still found it helpful.
“I think it’s always important for people to realize what they’re thinking subconsciously,” Egan said.
First-year Engineering student Mesgana Dinare said he did not learn anything about himself he did not already know but thinks students should take the module so they are conscious of their unconscious biases.
Conger held a different view about the best way to address implicit biases among students. He suggested taking a more interpersonal approach.
“I think that talking with people about their experiences and talking about what implicit bias looks like and how we can counteract it would be more effective than just learning about the implicit bias test,” Conger said.
Jaspers said he thinks the module is a good idea and has potential for the future.
“I think it’s an important conversation to have, especially early on in the year,” Jaspers said. “I think it’s a really good practice step that the University is trying to take to make sure that University students are aware of their biases.”
Groves said the module — with some possible changes — will be used again next year for first-year students. It may also be made available to upperclassmen who want to take it, though the situation is not as ideal without guaranteed access to an RA.
“It’s hard to walk up to somebody else and say ‘Hey, let’s talk about race, let’s talk about bias,’” Groves said. “But this allows you to say ‘Hey, you took the module, what’d you think of that?’ and then you have a much easier conversation to confront those difficult issues.”
The Unity Coalition, a local nonpartisan organization, recently started a petition to urge the Charlottesville City Council to retract the decision to rename Lee Park as Emancipation Park, calling the decision disrespectful, hurtful and insulting.
Mary Carey, a local activist, authored the petition. The petition calls for City Council to rename Emancipation Park “with a name that is more acceptable to the community and in a way that is more transparent and inclusive.”
“I think the name ‘Emancipation Park’ really hurt the African-Americans in this town,” Carey said. “We’ve been through enough with slavery ... It’s still kind of hurtful when I walk around town all day and see that name when you walk down Market Street to the park. You don’t see the names of black heroes, parks for black heroes, things you’d like to see.”
City Council voted to rename Lee Park as Emancipation Park on June 5. The name was not on the list of official recommendations compiled by City Council through a community survey. The four names suggested at the community panel were Market Street Park, Festival Park, Central Park and Community Park.
Overall, the renaming of the park received positive responses, City Councilor Kristin Szakos said. The name has only recently garnered extensive negative feedback.
“There were individuals all along who disagreed with the name we selected,” Szakos said. “I have heard a lot more positive response to the name than negative, until probably the last week or two.”
Lawrence Gaughan is the executive director of Gov360, a non-partisan activist group that formed the Unity Coalition prior the events in Charlottesville on Aug. 12. City Council’s decision to rename Lee Park as Emancipation Park illustrates a broader issue the Unity Coalition seeks to address, Gaughan said.
“As a facilitator of the Unity Coalition, we’re totally supporting the petition,” Gaughan said. “But the broader issue is not just changing the name of the park, but the way that they did it. City Council does things that are irrespective of the black community, and there’s been a tremendous disconnect between City Hall and the black community.”
Because of its historical context, the word emancipation can be hurtful to African-American people, Carey said. City Council’s decision to use it was out of context, she said.
“Historically, ‘emancipation’ is a word that hurts the black community. They don’t think that it should be on a park, especially a park where there’s a Confederate soldier who fought to keep slaves,” Carey said. “So ‘emancipation’, the name, is very hurtful because the word means ‘to unwind’, ‘to be free’, it doesn’t mean that people can use it freely as they want.”
Associate Education Prof. Walt Heinecke edited and gave feedback to Carey on the petition before it was published. Heinecke had previously submitted requests to hold counter-rallies during the Unite the Right rally in August.
“[Carey] asked me to edit the petition and take a look at it, which I did,” Heinecke said. “I support having the statues removed, and the parks renamed, so Mary Carey, who’s a friend of mine, reached out to me, and asked me about the renaming of the park.”
Heinecke said City Council’s method for receiving input is often flawed and should be a more transparent process.
“I can understand how Mary Carey and other folks in town are upset that [Emancipation Park] got on the list, perhaps without public input or public support,” Heinecke said. “I certainly support reevaluating the name at this point, because if people are upset about it, it should be an open and transparent process by which the parks get renamed.”
Those who want the name changed should not be ignored, Gaughan said.
“It would be great to give the name Emancipation Park to the people who really want the name, but when there’s so many people that don’t like it, that should counter-balance them,” Gaughan said. “It’s emblematic of a broader issue that happens all the time within the black community, even with Democrats on City Council.”
The petition has garnered over 800 signatures on paper and online, Carey said. At a City Council meeting on Monday, Carey gave City Council members a list of park names suggested by individuals who signed the petition.
“I want them to start responding to the people, to their constituents, because we as the people of Charlottesville are part of the city government, and they really don’t listen. So I want them to take notice of and respond to people,” Carey said.
Szakos said she does not know of any plans on behalf of City Council members to revisit the issue.
“We’ve made the decision — it is Emancipation Park,” Szakos said. “I don’t know of any plans on behalf of the city councillor members to revisit that at this point.”
The second floor of Clemons Library recently reopened for student use Oct. 4 and is the culmination of a series of renovations that started in spring 2016.
The Clemons renovation comes as an implementation of the Total Advising aspect of University President Teresa Sullivan’s Cornerstone Plan, which consists of “pillars” and “stages” to bring the Total Advising vision along.
In an email to The Cavalier Daily, Kathryn Densberger, director of the Dathel and John Georges Student Center, stated that the new center was placed in Clemons due to its ideal and familiar location.
“Students are quite comfortable in this building, so this is really a way to bring services most directly to where students already are,” Densberger said.
Densberger also said that the space’s transformation into a fully functioning advising center will be gradual. Several services are slated to begin this fall, with more and more resources being added as the academic year progresses. Full services and programming should be in place by the start of the fall 2018 term.
“In January, the front desk will be staffed with knowledgeable student employees who will help to run the space and will also be able to direct their peers to resources for support, information, or opportunities,” Densberger said. “I also expect that a number of offices will begin to hold regular office hours in Center … By fall of 2018, I hope to be offering a pretty full slate of programming in the space.”
Student’s reactions to the renovated Clemons space are generally positive, with students expressing favorable opinions of both the study space and Clemons as a whole.
Third-year College student Kyle Bruce addressed the library’s new modifications and said it’s long been a favored study spot for him.
“When I was a first year, Clem 2 was where I did most of my work — or at least tried to — and it looked very similar to the first floor,” Bruce said. “I like this new design though — it’s very modern. Now the space allows for this type of collaboration in addition to the advising component it boasts.”
Second-year College student Andrew Orgel also gave a favorable review of the new space, but noted that its popularity does have a downside with its high noise levels.
“Nice setup — I like the extra study space and the glass rooms,” Orgel said. “It gets pretty loud when it’s crowded.”
Second-year College student Brooke Adams said she appreciated the addition of the new advising space in Clemons.
“I like how all the career and graduate school counseling services have moved to Clem 2,” Adams said. “Seeking guidance has now become so much easier since it is all located in the same space. I also really like all the additional study rooms making finding a place to study as a group a little less of a hassle.”
As a part of the first pillar of the Cornerstone Plan, improvements to the second level of Clemons began in the spring of 2016 after the University received a philanthropic gift so the area could be renovated into the Dathel and John Georges Student Center. The Clemons advising area will be used for “academic, career and personal advising,” and have a much different focus than what the often times more noisy and teamwork-oriented Clemons 2 of the past offered.
The first advising-related event in the new space is scheduled to take place during Course Advising Days held Nov. 1 and 2 from 12 p.m. to 4 p.m. Eleven offices will be participating with representatives on hand to answer individual questions. Many offices will be giving brief presentations as well.
If you were to walk around Grounds and pick a random student, it’s likely he or she could name a good portion of the basketball team. After a key game, it’s common to hear discussion in class, whether bemoaning a loss or celebrating a victory.
However, if you were to try the same exercise with the football team, the same students would struggle to remember a single player. It’s common for students to swipe into a football game just for the Sabre Points, which exist solely to increase the odds of getting a ticket to a basketball game.
There’s a reason for this relative ambivalence about football, as Virginia hasn’t been very good, or even decent, since most students have gotten here. Even when Virginia has shown enough potential to get students to believe — before Mendenhall’s first game, or at home games against Notre Dame in 2015 and Louisville in 2016 — those who believed in the team got burned. This string of painful seasons has left the fan base calloused. Losses can’t hurt if you stop caring about wins.
However, it’s time for fans to open themselves back up again — this team has earned another try. This week, Virginia received votes in the Coaches Poll Top 25 for the first time in five years, signaling a return to competitiveness.
More importantly for fans, the team has been fun to follow. Compelling players have been racking up accolades for the Cavaliers, including on a national scale.
On defense, senior linebacker Micah Kiser and senior safety Quin Blanding are currently ranked first and second in the ACC in tackles, as they both were last season and the season prior. Blanding has more career tackles than any other active FBS player, and the fourth most in Virginia’s history.
On offense, senior wide receiver Andre Levrone ranks first in the ACC and fourth in the NCAA FBS in yards per reception, and senior quarterback Kurt Benkert has the third most career touchdowns in program history.
There’s no sense in waiting until next year to give Virginia football a try, as this may be the best team we have for a while. With winnable games against Boston College and Pittsburgh in the next two weeks, there’s no better time to try caring about Virginia football again.
Of course, none of this is to say that the Cavaliers won’t break fans’ hearts if they reinvest — no team can avoid that, as Virginia basketball fans have learned in recent NCAA tournaments. Virginia may have games where they struggle, as the Cavaliers will likely be underdogs in all four of their final games.
However, the team has done everything fans could ask. They went on the road and handed Boise State their worst home loss since 2001 and took care of rivals Duke and North Carolina.
At the beginning of the season, I outlined what a reasonably successful season would look like for the Cavaliers. While it’s still early, the Cavaliers are outpacing what almost any fan could have expected — it’s time for fans to return the favor.
Kiser and Blanding passed up NFL opportunities to return to Virginia for one final year, and they’ve both had careers so remarkable it’s fair to wonder whether their jerseys get retired some day. Benkert may be the best Cavalier quarterback since Matt Schaub left over a decade ago.
These seniors have given fans more than enough reasons to remember their names. If fans start caring about Virginia football again, I think they’ll enjoy the experience.
Jake Blank is a Senior Associate Sports Editor and Columnist for The Cavalier Daily. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or on Twitter at @Jake_33.
The Cavaliers (5-1, 2-0 ACC) are one win away from earning bowl eligibility and will look to clinch that sixth win Saturday when ACC opponent Boston College comes to Scott Stadium.
Despite what the two teams’ records indicate, Saturday’s game against the Eagles (3-4, 1-3 ACC) will be a tough one for Virginia. Boston College is coming off of a huge 45-42 win over Louisville, who was ranked as high as 17th in the country just two weeks ago. The Eagles will be looking to build on the momentum they’ve gained and win a game on the road against a surging Virginia team.
Virginia will have its hands full going up against Boston College’s freshman running back AJ Dillon. Last week against Louisville, Dillon went off for 272 yards and four touchdowns on 39 carries. Virginia Coach Bronco Mendenhall talked about going up against such a physical running back like Dillon.
“It will be a different test … You have to have a stomach for contact in this kind of game because your gap is your gap regardless of the number of times the 240-pound back smashes in there with another body puller,” Mendenhall said. “You can't ever get tired of taking that on. That's the kind of game Boston College likes to play.”
Senior quarterback Kurt Benkert talked about the challenges the Virginia offense will face, going up against Boston College’s defense.
“They’re really big up front, their DBs [defensive backs] are tall, lengthy guys, and they’re aggressive, they’re not afraid to come in and hit somebody,” Benkert said. “Same with their safety, they use their linebackers in a lot of different ways … so it’s just going to be about staying focused and seeing it as it’s happening.”
In addition, Benkert talked a little about going up against the Eagles’ senior defensive end, Harold Landry, who will look to disrupt Benkert’s rhythm and play Saturday.
“He’s got a really good motor, he’s strong, he’s really strong; I think it was … Louisville or Clemson, one of the two games I was watching, that he just one-armed a tackle right into the quarterback,” Benkert said. “That’s impressive so he’s a — he looks like a freak to me on film, so we’ll see how he is on Saturday.”
Virginia is heading into Saturday’s game with a lot of confidence, having won four games in a row, including two straight ACC games.
“It’s really good,” Benkert said. “We know we have a really good defense. We know that we have a really good offense that hasn’t hit our full potential yet, and we know that if we keep making improvements each week, we’ll get where we want to be.”
“Now that there have been some results that have gone in our favor, there's an air of confidence and expectations that they would be disappointed if they don't play at a certain level or have the success in terms of wins and losses,” Mendenhall said.
Even though the team is just a win away from a bowl game, Mendenhall knows the team has to focus on playing one week at a time. That means the focus this week should be on playing Boston College and coming away with a win.
“We will acknowledge [the prospect of bowl eligibility]. I don't have a thing to say about it right now,” Mendenhall said. “Haven't mentioned it to our team … I think any additional talk about it, again, you've heard me say the term 'interference.’ Anything that's not helping us play this week with our assignments and improving our technique and our intensity is just a waste of time.”
However, despite the team focusing on Boston College, this does not mean they haven’t thought about going to a bowl game.
“Sure, the team has that goal,” Mendenhall said. “They're anxious to return to postseason play, to see and feel what that's like.”
The Cavaliers will also look to continue forcing turnovers this weekend against Boston College. They have nine turnovers through the first six games of the season so far. Turnovers have been coming at a faster rate compared to last season for the Cavaliers. The team had nine turnovers throughout the entire season last year. The uptake in turnovers has been another striking number that has showcased how much better the team is this year than it was last year.
Mendenhall attributes this increase in forced turnovers to the ability of his coaching staff to continue helping players improve over time, as they gain more and more experience.
“Experience and coaching and time,” Mendenhall said. “Coach Howell, there's a reason I brought him with me here. I think he's a very, very good football coach, not only schematically, but technically.”
The game between Virginia and Boston College is scheduled to start at 12:30 p.m. Saturday at Scott Stadium.